The Russian Orthodox Church in America (ROCIA) is the direct continuation of the Holy Eastern Orthodox Catholic and Apostolic Church chartered in February 1927 by Metropolitan Platon with the blessing of Moscow Patriarch Tikhon.
Although the Holy Eastern Orthodox Catholic and Apostolic Church was incorporated under various names throughout the 20th century, it continued directly to Metropolitan Symeon, who was elected Primate and enthroned by the Holy Synod in 1989.
In 1996, due to the theft of the original church corporation, it was the decision of the current Metropolitan Symeon, in conjunction with the rest of the bishops of the Holy Synod, to recharter the Church as the Russian Orthodox Church in America.
Since the Church was originally Chartered by the Russian Orthodox Bishops under Metropolitan Platon as autocephalous, the Russian Orthodox Church in America considers itself non-SCOBA (i.e., turned down Standing Conference of Canonical Orthodox Bishops in the Americas membership, in 1965) and autocephalous.
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The Russian Orthodox Church in America holds a policy much like the Churches listed as In Resistance, communing the faithful but not con-celebrating among hierarchs.
The ROCIA’s status is unclear, with many faithful and even priests received into other Orthodox Churches including the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (ROCOR), the GOA and the Orthodox Church in America with their sacraments recognized, but as the Hierarchs of the ROCIA do not seek to con-celebrate with other Churches, the exact standing of those hierarchs remains unclear.