The term icon comes from the Greek word eikona, which simply means image.
The Orthodox believe that the first icons of Christ and the Virgin Mary were painted by Luke the Evangelist.
Orthodox icons are not simply beautiful works of art which have certain aesthetic and didactic functions. They are primarily the means through which we experience the reality of the Heavenly Kingdom on Earth. Continue reading “Orthodox Icons and Iconography”
Early Christianity is commonly defined as the Christianity of the three centuries between the Crucifixion of Jesus (c. 30) and the First Council of Nicaea (325). It began within first-century Judaism with the followers of James the Just, generally considered one of the Twelve apostles, but gradually became distinct from Rabbinic Judaism. Continue reading “Orthodoxy History and Arts”
The East-West Schism, or the Great Schism, is the historic sundering of eucharistic relations between the See of Rome (now the Roman Catholic Church) and the sees of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem (now the Orthodox Church).
It divided medieval Mediterranean Christendom into Eastern and Western branches, which later became known as the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church, respectively. Continue reading “Great Schism”