Some Historic Facts of Russian Orthodoxy in America (1741 – 2008)
Divine Liturgy celebrated on a Russian ship off the coast of Alaska.
Community of Orthodox Greeks establishes itself in New Smyrna, Spanish Florida.
Missionaries, including Herman of Alaska, arrive at Kodiak Island, bringing Orthodoxy to Russian Alaska.
Martyrdom of Juvenaly of Alaska.
Ioasaph (Bolotov) consecrated in Irkutsk as first bishop for Alaska, but dies in a shipwreck during his return.
Martyrdom of Peter the Aleut near San Francisco.
Russian colony of Fort Ross established 60 miles from San Francisco.
Fr. John Veniaminov comes to Unalaska, Alaska.
Fr. John Veniaminov moves to Sitka, Alaska; liturgy and catechism translated into Aleut.
Imperial ukaz regarding Alaskan education issued from Czar Nicholas I that students were to become faithful members of the Orthodox Church, loyal subjects of the Czar, and loyal citizens; Fr. John Veniaminov returns to Russia.
Return of Innocent of Alaska to Sitka; sale of Fort Ross property to an American citizen; pastoral school established in Sitka.
Alaskan episcopal see and seminary moved to Yakutsk, Russia.
Alaska purchased by United States from Russia.
First Russian parish established in US territory in San Francisco, California; Innocent of Alaska becomes Metropolitan of Moscow.
Diocese of the Aleutian Islands and Alaska formed by the Church of Russia with Bp. John (Mitropolsky) as ruling hierarch.
See of the Aleutians diocese moved to San Francisco, placing it outside the defined boundaries of the diocese (i.e., Alaska).
Bp. John (Mitropolsky) recalled to Russia.
Bp. Nestor (Zass) succeeds John (Metropolsky).
Bp. Nestor (Zass) drowns in Bering Sea.
Bp. Vladimir (Sokolovsky) becomes Bishop of the Aleutians and Alaska.
Greek Immigration to USA: widespread unemployment and economic problems led to migrations to the US of 350,000 Greeks, one-fifth of the total population.
Archim. Raphael (Hawaweeny) arrives in America.
Tikhon (Belavin) becomes Bishop of the Aleutians and Alaska; American annexation of Hawaii.
Name of Russian mission diocese changed from the Aleutian Islands and Alaska to the Aleutian Islands and North America, thus claiming an expansion its territorial boundaries.
Bp. Tikhon (Belavin) raised to rank of archbishop; seminary opened in Minneapolis; Russian see transferred to New York.
1st All-American Sobor held in Mayfield, PA, at which name of the Russian mission was declared to be The Russian Orthodox Greek-Catholic Church in North America under the Hierarchy of the Russian Church; Abp. Tikhon (Belavin) returns to Russia and is succeeded by Platon Rozhdestvensky.
Abp. Platon (Rozhdestvensky) recalled to Russia and made bishop of Kishinev, after having received 72 communities (mainly ex-Uniate Carpatho-Russians) into Orthodoxy during his rule.
Death of Raphael of Brooklyn; Abp. Evdokim (Meschersky) succeeds Platon.
Consecration of Philip (Stavitsky) of Sitka; Alexander (Nemolovsky) appointed Bishop of Canada with his see in Winnipeg.
Abp. Tikhon (Belavin) elected Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia at the All Russian Sobor of 1917-1918.
2nd All-American Sobor meets in Cleveland, electing Alexander (Nemolovsky) as its new diocesan bishop, pending approval from Moscow (which never comes).
Tikhon of Moscow issues Ukaz No. 362; first session of the Higher Church Administration outside borders of Russia.
34 ROCOR bishops meet in synod in Karlovtsy, Serbia, including Metr. Platon (Rozhdestvensky), primate of the Russian Metropolia.
Russian Metropolia convenes 3rd All-American Sobor in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
4th All-American Sobor of the Metropolia votes to establish "temporary self-government," breaking administrative ties with Moscow.
Metr. Platon (Rozhdestvensky) of the Metropolia breaks ties with ROCOR synod.
ROCOR synod sends epistle to American parishes suspending Platon and his clergy; founding of American Orthodox Catholic Church by the Russian Metropolia under Aftimios Ofiesh; founding of Federated Russian Orthodox Clubs (FROC) in Pittsburgh.
Platon (Rozhdestvensky) refuses to pledge loyalty to Moscow, which declares Metropolia to be in schism and establishes Exarchate of Moscow on American soil.
Death of Platon (Rozhdestvensky); Theophilus (Pashkovsky) of San Francisco elected primate of Metropolia at 5th All-American Sobor in Cleveland, Ohio.
"Temporary Regulations of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad" signed by ROCOR synod in Karlovtsy, Serbia, including Theophilus (Pashkovsky) of the Metropolia, thus renewing relations; ROCOR divided into four regions, including North America with Theophilus as the regional primate.
6th All-American Sobor of Metropolia declares itself to report to ROCOR in matters of faith.
Carpatho-Russian diocese established by Constantinople with second wave of Uniat returns to Orthodoxy.
7th All-American Sobor of Russian Metropolia breaks ties with ROCOR.
ROCOR moves headquarters to New York; Leonty (Turkevitch) becomes primate of Metropolia at 8th All-American Sobor in New York City.
Beginning of rapprochement between Metropolia and Moscow Patiarchate; arguing that the Metropolia's 1924 declaration of "temporary self-government" amounted to a canonical declaration of autocephaly, Toward an American Orthodox Church published by St. Vladimir's professor Alexander Bogolepov, galvanizing the Metropolia to seek autocephaly.
Bulgarian Diocese in Exile established under the ROCOR.
Meeting between Metropolia representatives and Moscow Patriarchate in Upsala, Sweden, discussing autocephaly for the Metropolia; Synod of Bishops of Metropolia decides to start official exploratory negotiations with MP.
Official autocephaly meetings of Metropolia with Moscow Patriarchate take place on New York City, Tokyo and Geneva.
Russian Metropolia reconciles with the Church of Russia and is granted autocephaly; 14th All-American Sobor/1st All-American Council accepts autocephaly Tomos and approves new name of Orthodox Church in America (OCA); Constantinople ceases all official contact with the OCA and declares it uncanonical; Russian Exarchate of North America is dissolved, but the majority of its parishes remain under the Church of Russia; glorification of Herman of Alaska in separate services by the ROCOR and the OCA.
ROCOR denounces Moscow's grant of autocephaly to the Metropolia; OCA receives rebel ROCOR parish in Australia; Albanian Archdiocese received into the OCA at 2nd All-American Council held at St. Tikhon's Monastery, South Canaan, PA.
OCA receives the Mexican National Catholic Church, creating its Exarchate of Mexico.
Reception into OCA of ROCOR's Bulgarian Diocese in Exile and its hierarch, Bishop Kyrill (Yonchev).
OCA holds its 5th All-American Council in Montreal, electing Theodosius (Lazor) as metropolitan, replacing the retiring Ireney (Bekish); glorification in Russia of Innocent of Alaska.
OCA primatial see transferred from New York to Washington.
Calendar schism in OCA Diocese of E. Pennsylvania, ROCOR receiving multiple parishes in the area.
Glorification in Russia of Tikhon of Moscow.
Contact between Constantinople and OCA resumes.
Retirement of Theodosius (Lazor) and election of Herman (Swaiko) as Metropolitan of the OCA at 13th All-American Council held in Orlando, Florida.
Fourth All-Diaspora Council of the ROCOR votes to restore full communion with Moscow Patriarchate.
Restoration of full communion between ROCOR and Moscow Patriarchate with incorporation of the ROCOR as a semi-autonomous entity of the patriarchate.
Metr. Herman (Swaiko) retired by OCA amidst financial scandal; Jonah (Paffhausen) elected primate of OCA.